Carbon graphite pencil on drawing paper 12″x18″ Original sketch rendered in 2005. Dutch or Holland Harbor circa 1500s.
This drawing was done for a video (one of three images) about how the Middle Ages formation of Holland was challenged first by Spain, then France. The French ships were sailing into the harbor and were stopped short by a flash freeze storm. In their first attempt to conquer the Dutch, they awaited a morning thaw, but the Dutch citizens went out on the ice the night before they were to attack and set the entire French fleet on fire.
The second image (see Ice Bound Ships, this section) shows how the second attempt ended in almost the same strange occurence of a flash freeze.